- Local-Global Information Interaction Debiasing for Dynamic Scene Graph Generation(arXiv)
Abstract : The task of dynamic scene graph generation (DynSGG) aims to generate scene graphs for given videos, which involves modeling the spatial-temporal information in the video. However, due to the long-tailed distribution of samples in the dataset, previous DynSGG models fail to predict the tail predicates. We argue that this phenomenon is due to previous methods that only pay attention to the local spatial-temporal information and neglect the consistency of multiple frames. To solve this problem, we propose a novel DynSGG model based on multi-task learning, DynSGG-MTL, which introduces the local interaction information and global human-action interaction information. The interaction between objects and frame features makes the model more fully understand the visual context of the single image. Long-temporal human actions supervise the model to generate multiple scene graphs that conform to the global constraints and avoid the model being unable to learn the tail predicates. Extensive experiments on Action Genome dataset demonstrate the efficacy of our proposed framework, which not only improves the dynamic scene graph generation but also alleviates the long-tail problem.
2.Generalized Unbiased Scene Graph Generation (arXiv)
Abstract : Existing Unbiased Scene Graph Generation (USGG) methods only focus on addressing the predicate-level imbalance that high-frequency classes dominate predictions of rare ones, while overlooking the concept-level imbalance. Actually, even if predicates themselves are balanced, there is still a significant concept-imbalance within them due to the long-tailed distribution of contexts (i.e., subject-object combinations). This concept-level imbalance poses a more pervasive and challenging issue compared to the predicate-level imbalance since subject-object pairs are inherently complex in combinations. Hence, we introduce a novel research problem: Generalized Unbiased Scene Graph Generation (G-USGG), which takes into account both predicate-level and concept-level imbalance. To the end, we propose the Multi-Concept Learning (MCL) framework, which ensures a balanced learning process across rare/ uncommon/ common concepts. MCL first quantifies the concept-level imbalance across predicates in terms of different amounts of concepts, representing as multiple concept-prototypes within the same class. It then effectively learns concept-prototypes by applying the Concept Regularization (CR) technique. Furthermore, to achieve balanced learning over different concepts, we introduce the Balanced Prototypical Memory (BPM), which guides SGG models to generate balanced representations for concept-prototypes. Extensive experiments demonstrate the remarkable efficacy of our model-agnostic strategy in enhancing the performance of benchmark models on both VG-SGG and OI-SGG datasets, leading to new state-of-the-art achievements in two key aspects: predicate-level unbiased relation recognition and concept-level compositional generability.