1. Cov3d: Detection of the presence and severity of COVID-19 from CT scans using 3D ResNets(arXiv)
Author : Robert Turnbull
Abstract : Deep learning has been used to assist in the analysis of medical imaging. One such use is the classification of Computed Tomography (CT) scans when detecting for COVID-19 in subjects. This paper presents Cov3d, a three dimensional convolutional neural network for detecting the presence and severity of COVID19 from chest CT scans. Trained on the COV19-CT-DB dataset with human expert annotations, it achieves a macro f1 score of 0.9476 on the validation set for the task of detecting the presence of COVID19. For the task of classifying the severity of COVID19, it achieves a macro f1 score of 0.7552. Both results improve on the baseline results of the `AI-enabled Medical Image Analysis Workshop and Covid-19 Diagnosis Competition’ (MIA-COV19D) in 2022.
2. Supervised Contrastive ResNet and Transfer Learning for the In-vehicle Intrusion Detection System(arXiv)
Abstract : High-end vehicles have been furnished with a number of electronic control units (ECUs), which provide upgrading functions to enhance the driving experience. The controller area network (CAN) is a well-known protocol that connects these ECUs because of its modesty and efficiency. However, the CAN bus is vulnerable to various types of attacks. Although the intrusion detection system (IDS) is proposed to address the security problem of the CAN bus, most previous studies only provide alerts when attacks occur without knowing the specific type of attack. Moreover, an IDS is designed for a specific car model due to diverse car manufacturers. In this study, we proposed a novel deep learning model called supervised contrastive (SupCon) ResNet, which can handle multiple attack identification on the CAN bus. Furthermore, the model can be used to improve the performance of a limited-size dataset using a transfer learning technique. The capability of the proposed model is evaluated on two real car datasets. When tested with the car hacking dataset, the experiment results show that the SupCon ResNet model improves the overall false-negative rates of four types of attack by four times on average, compared to other models. In addition, the model achieves the highest F1 score at 0.9994 on the survival dataset by utilizing transfer learning. Finally, the model can adapt to hardware constraints in terms of memory size and running time
3. Multitask vocal burst modeling with ResNets and pre-trained paralinguistic Conformers(arXiv)
Abstract : This technical report presents the modeling approaches used in our submission to the ICML Expressive Vocalizations Workshop & Competition multitask track (ExVo-MultiTask). We first applied image classification models of various sizes on mel-spectrogram representations of the vocal bursts, as is standard in sound event detection literature. Results from these models show an increase of 21.24% over the baseline system with respect to the harmonic mean of the task metrics, and comprise our team’s main submission to the MultiTask track. We then sought to characterize the headroom in the MultiTask track by applying a large pre-trained Conformer model that previously achieved state-of-the-art results on paralinguistic tasks like speech emotion recognition and mask detection. We additionally investigated the relationship between the sub-tasks of emotional expression, country of origin, and age prediction, and discovered that the best performing models are trained as single-task models, questioning whether the problem truly benefits from a multitask setting.